Brown spots on the skin - how to get rid of pigmentation spots?

Brown spots on the skin are also known as hyperpigmentation; a term that describes various skin conditions characterized by dark-colored spots on the skin and uneven complexion. This is due to increased melanin production, the natural pigment that gives skin its color.

Spots can be localized to a specific area of the body or may cover larger areas of the skin. Although brown spots usually do not indicate a more serious health condition, they can cause stress and poor self-esteem in individuals.

Types of brown spots on the skin

There are several types of brown spots on the skin:

1. Age spots: This form of hyperpigmentation is a common sign of aging skin and is due to excessive exposure to UV rays (i.e., sun damage). Age spots most commonly appear on areas most exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, forearms, and hands.

2. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: This refers to a change in skin color that remains after certain skin injuries, such as acne, eczema, rash, or cuts.

3. Melasma: This form of brown spots on the skin is more common in women and is believed to be hormone-related. It appears as patches of altered color, usually on the cheeks, nose, forehead, chin, and above the upper lip. It is often triggered by hormonal changes associated with pregnancy.

4. Sunspots: These are linked to genetics but can become darker and more visible due to exposure to UV rays. They typically appear as freckles on areas most exposed to the sun.

Causes of Brown Spots on the Skin

A common cause of brown spots on the skin is excessive production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives the skin its color. It is produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can affect the process of melanin production in the body; some of them are:

Certain medications
→ Hormonal imbalances
→ A rare endocrine disease called Addison's disease
→ Excessive exposure to sunlight

How to Successfully Deal with Brown Spots on the Skin?

Fading brown spots or hyperpigmentation should be viewed as a marathon rather than a sprint. Achieving results takes several weeks or months. Whatever approach you choose, keep in mind that consistent use of skincare products is often required for at least three months to see results.

Tips on How to Help Yourself with Brown Spots on the Skin:

→ Avoid the sun
The first step is adequate sun protection. Sun exposure triggers increased melanin production, so no approach will be effective if you don't completely avoid it.

Use sunscreen every day, rain or shine. Daily application of sunscreen with at least SPF 30 or higher, preferably with physical sun protection, is important. It's also crucial to physically protect the skin by wearing hats and long, breathable clothing.

→ Avoid rubbing and scratching the skin
If you have pimples, it's important not to squeeze or scratch them. Damaged and wounded skin is extremely sensitive and prone to permanent photodamage, leading to the appearance of dark spots on the skin.

→ Choose products with the right ingredients
There are several known ingredients and extracts that can have a strong impact on fading dark spots. It's important to choose a product that combines ingredients supporting the process of skin tone evenness and discoloration fading.

Among the ingredients that have been researched for decades and are well-established in dermatology is azelaic acid, which, in higher concentrations, inhibits the synthesis of the enzyme tyrosinase, thereby inhibiting excessive melanin production. The same effects are brought by plant extracts, including two extremely potent antioxidants: CBD cannabinoid and licorice root extract. All of the above are combined in the formulation of an exceptional complexion-evening concentrate, which you can find under the name Perfect Complexion Azelaic Serum.